Education & Careers in India

VETERINARY COURSES IN INDIA

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COURSES IN VETERINARY SCIENCE

Veterinary Science like medicine can be pursued after 10+2, Basic requirement is study of  physics, chemistry and biology at 10+2 level. For dairy technology and dairy engineering combination with mathematics is required. The course is of 4 1/2 years duration and a year's practical internship is compulsory. The theoretical aspect of the course covers all subjects needed for the understanding of animal health, disease and treatment. M.V.Sc. can be pursued after B.V.Sc. through an All India competitive examination. After B.V.Sc. students can also appear for Biotechnology entrance test for a future in this branch.

B.V.Sc & AH includes the study of animal anatomy and physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and allied subjects. The clinical study comprises of veterinary medicine, surgery, hygiene and pathology. Practical training is an important element of the course.

How to enter - Basic requirement is study of  Physics, chemistry and biology in class XII. Admission procedure may vary from college to college. Selection may be based on the results of the qualifying examination or on the merit achieved in a written examination.

Veterinarians diagnose and control animal disease. They prescribe medical or surgical treatment for diseases in animals or for any medical condition or injury. They prevent transmission of animal diseases and give advise on the care of pets and farm animals.

While the crucial role veterinarians play is in the care of livestock or farm animals there are veterinarians dealing exclusive in small domesticated animals. The approach in both these spheres varies as pet owners are emotionally attached to their pets. Veterinarians treating farm animals, on the other hand must care for the welfare of each animal as well as the productivity aspect so crucial to the economics of farm running

Veterinarians work in diverse settings- in the agriculture sector in rural areas, in government animal husbandry departments, poultry farms, dairy farms, private and government veterinary hospitals and clinics. Veterinary scientists work with the government, with the Armed Forces and the Border Security Forces for the care of the mounted regiments, which have horses, dogs, camels, mules for various roles.

Veterinary science and Animal Husbandry courses are conducted in veterinary colleges which are located in almost every state. The state colleges generally have domicile regulations for admitting students to their colleges. Veterinary Council of India Karol Bagh, New Delhi-110005 conducts an All India Common Entrance Examination for admission to 15% of seats in each veterinary college for B.V.Sc. or Ah.A minimum of 50% aggregate marks in PCB and English is required in the qualifying examination for taking the test.

Veterinary science courses are also conducted by Agriculture colleges. Some of the Universities of Agriculture conducting an all India entrance examination for selecting students into their programmers . India Council for Agricultural Research, Krishi Anusandhan Bhavan, Pusa, New Delhi-110012 conducts an All India Entrance examination for filling up 15% of the total seats in State Agricultural universities and 100% seats in National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal and Central Agriculture University, Imphal in a number of subjects related to this field including Veterinary science. The examination has one paper consisting of Physics, Biology carrying 180 question (60 questions in each subject).

Post graduate specializations

After B.V.Sc., specializations during M.V.Sc. can be done in following subjects:

Animal Anatomy, Biochemistry, Animal Biotechnology, Animal Husbandry, Animal Economics, Animal Husbandry Extension, Animal Reproduction and livestock extension, Animal Genetics and Breeding, Dairy Science and Technology, Dairy Chemistry, Dairy Engineering, Dairy Microbiology, Food Hygiene, Feed and Fodder Technology, Obstratics and Gynaecology, Microbiology, Meat Science and Technology, Nutrition, Pathology, Physiology, Parasitology, Poultry Science and Technology, Piggery, Pharmacology, Preventive Medicine, Surgery, Statistics and Toxicology.

 

 

 
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